Industrial X-Ray Inspection Services
3D Engineering Solutions X-Ray Inspection Services utilizes the best digital x-ray equipment available to deliver your digital radiography requirements. Our four Nikon X-ray/CT machines and large technical staff allow us to deliver results with 24/7 service available for your more time sensitive needs.
Our X-Ray services include:
- Non Destructive Testing
- Inspection Services
- Digital X-Ray Service
- Industrial Imaging
- PCB Inspection
- CT Scanning
Centrally located in the eastern half of the US to provide rapid industrial x-ray inspection services, 3DES is a one stop shop for your X-ray and dimensional metrology needs. Our 10,000 square foot temperature controlled lab space and 15,000 square foot warehouse is ideally suited for both high and low volume orders. With multiple docks and forklift capability to 6,000 lbs. we are set up to handle both your large and small requirements.
Industrial X-Ray Imaging Services
3D Engineering Solutions has experience scanning large quantities of parts under tight timeline requirements. Offering 24/7 quick turn processes utilizing multiple machines allows our customers to meet their objectives in a timely fashion.
We can even create live x-ray videos of your product as it is being actuated as well as still individual images. We have the ability to run power, air and hydraulics to your device to remotely activate it during x-ray inspection. These videos are a great troubleshooting technique and give you real insight into the actual working of your devices under their assembled and loaded state. You will be able to visualize the source of your hard to find issues by being able to see through the walls of your product into the inner workings.
Non Destructive Testing (NDT)
X-ray inspection is a non-destructive testing method for looking inside of your parts and assemblies. Often times, we do not even need to unpackage your products as standard packaging can be virtually invisible to the x-rays. When required, we have staff that can easily and efficiently repackage your product and even add X-ray inspection labels to confirm product that has been inspected.
This NDT inspection process is often used for the following manufacturing needs: Defect sizing and location, assembly verification (missing parts or mis-assembled or damaged components), solder ball size and void percentage calculations for BGA components, broken traces, fill verification, void analysis, broken bond wires for PCB assemblies, 100% sorting, counterfeit detection, product contamination validation and many other production needs.
Not only are you able to visualize the inner workings and shapes in your product, but you can also extract accurate dimensional measurements. We are able to carefully and precisely control the position of the product relative to the x-ray source and detector. Because of this, we are able to measure internal product dimensions and validate these with calibrated scaling artifacts positioned near the product. There are some limitations to this ability. However, most can be overcome to provide the dimensional measurements you need.
Templates can also be made to allow a quick visual inspection of the product to ensure that areas remain within required tolerances. These templates are attached to our high resolution viewing monitors and allow the x-ray to be reviewed in a rapid and repeatable fashion.
We use digital detectors to capture x-ray data. Our high resolution PerkinElmer 16 bit x-ray detectors are used to capture permanent digital copies of x-ray data that can be indefinitely stored for future retrieval. These provide excellent resolution for all your x-ray inspection needs.
In addition to the standard black and white x-ray view, we are able to colorize the greyscales and show the data in color. Since the human eye can distinguish many more colors than gray scale points, using color to display x-ray data allows one to better visualize some types of defects. These defects then are easier to visualize in our provided inspection reports.
All x-rays are available to our customers in the native TIFF, or JPG file formats for easy viewing.
Our 160kV Nikon system is purpose built for PCB (Printed Circuit Board) inspections. It employs industry leading software to quickly and efficiently evaluate common PCB concerns such as semiconductor package voids, solder void analysis, BGA solder ball analysis and more. Our staff is trained in proper ESD handling procedures.
X-Ray Process Setup
For larger volumes of serialized parts, we implement process control and documentation through bar code readers when required. Individual x-ray images can be stored with the serialized information for future review, customer disposition, verification or long term storage. As required, labels can be added to product or containers indicating that the x-ray inspection has occurred. Rejected parts are separated and can be marked as needed.
We employ onsite 3D printing of custom fixtures for repeatable positioning of parts between scans. This allows your x-ray images to be displayed in the same orientation part after part. Each of our engineers is trained in one of our multiple CAD platforms and the use of our 3D printer to create custom polymer fixtures for their work. When a higher precision is required for large scale work, Fixtures are machined to specification using outside suppliers.
We are also able to perform x-ray inspections to common standards including the inclusion of Image Quality Indicator (IQI) standards during scanning. We can accept and follow industry specifications that you provide.
We offer service using both horizontal and vertical x-ray systems. They range from 160kV nano focus, 225kV micro focus and 450kV micro focus to cover the full range. Our 450kV system is the only micro focus system available and allows outstanding resolution over competitive mini focus systems. These nano and micro focus systems have a very small spot size which allows maximum resolution of all of your parts edges and allows a cleaner look at potential defects. All of our equipment employs high resolution digital detectors to allow for long term storage and easy transmission of data.
Our 450kV system also has a CLDA (Curved Linear Diode Array) which allows an even cleaner look at your parts through noise reduction. Instead of using a panel system as described above, x-rays are taken one line at a time while the x-ray source projects a fan beam through the part into the detector. This significantly reduces the amount of x-ray scatter that is available to bounce into other areas of the image.
CT and Laminography
If x-ray is not able to distinguish the characteristics you are looking for, we offer industrial CT scanning and Laminography to yield a measureable 3D volume of your components. Defects can be visualized in 3D and sized / graded according to your requirements.